Barrier of Distance and Transportation Cost to Access Maternity Services in Rural Bangladesh
K.T. Keya, Population Council Bangladesh
Benjamin Bellows, Population Council
In Bangladesh, women dying for maternal causes remain high. Women face long distance and significant transportation cost to deliver at hospital. To reduce barriers, government introduced demand-side financing program that gives transportation allowance for antenatal, delivery, complication management and postnatal care. The paper aims to identify the role of distance and transportation cost from 3300 mothers given birth preceding year of survey in 2010. Facility-based maternal service utilization was found alarmingly poor. On average, women travelled six kilometers for antenatal and postnatal check-ups but eight kilometers for complication management or delivery. On average they spent US$1.4 for antenatal, US$6.17 for delivery and US$1.89 for postnatal check-up. Women mainly used human powered rickshaw or van. For each additional kilometer, transportation cost increased by US$0.13 for antenatal, US$0.44 for delivery and US$0.11 for postnatal care. Currently the program gives US$1.4 per visit. Based on findings, the program should reconsider the allowance.
Presented in Poster Session 2